Leonard Croteau. Bird Tree.

The featured artist this week is Leonard Croteau. The Carving is a Bird Tree with two pair of Cedar Waxwings. (Jaseur Des Cedres) It is about 19 inches tall and is signed on the base by Leonard Croteau with his mark. The Birds are mounted on painted driftwood with a carved and painted base. Email for more information.                       SOLD

Her are some more images:


Leonard Croteau. St-Etienne-des-Gres, Quebec. Bird Tree.

Leonard Croteau. St-Etienne-des-Gres, Quebec. Bird Tree.


Leonard Croteau. Bird Tree. detail. His Mark.

Leonard Croteau. Bird Tree. detail. His Mark.






Emile Bluteau. His first carving.

I am posting an image in the Sidebar of Emile Bluteau’s first work. It was carved in a chunk of White Birch stove wood that he had put aside to age for sculpting. It is an impressive carving, by one of Quebec’s foremost primitive artists. See the Gallery for more information about Emile and this work as well as  pricing details.


(The Sidebar is the image on the upper right of every page. I will be changing it every few days.)

Edmond Massicotte and his influence on Quebec Folk Art

Edmond Massicotte (1875-1929) was an engraver and an illustrator. His most important contributions were the studies and illustrations he made of Quebec folklore as well as of  the old  traditions and celebrations. First published under the title “Nos Canadiens D’autrefois” in 1923, it contained the first twelve plates that illustrated these old traditions. Included were commentaries by the ethnologist Marius Barbeau and others. More illustrations of different traditions were added to further editions. One was published posthumously.

These images  reflected the growing  interest  in Quebec culture, its history and the arts. Academy artists and Folk and Outsider artists showed this interest in their own work; from Laliberte to Archelas Poulin. Laliberte in his series of Bronze sculptures commissioned by the Quebec government and Archelas Poulin (and many other Folk Artists) in his automated scenic sculptures of traditional scenes (inspired by and modeled on Massicotte’s images).

Formal Academy artists, working in Baie-Saint-Paul, reflected these images of Massicotte as did the artists across the St. Lawrence River in Saint-Jean-Port-Joli. The Bourgaults made sculptures of many of Massicottes’ scenes. Madelaine Lizotte assembled bas relief carvings of almost every one of them (and signed them ‘Mado”) They could be found in her little gallery alongside the beautiful shore highway at Riviere-Madelaine in Gaspe.

Link to the Massicotte Book “Nos Canadiens D’Autrefois” (1923) Online:


A quote from The Dictionary of Canadian Biography (Online):

“Massicotte’s fame rests primarily on the 12 plates he published in Montreal in 1923 under the title “Nos Canadiens d’autrefois”. Most of them had already appeared in the Almanach du peuple, and they were now supplemented by commentaries from such prominent writers as Albert Ferland, Lionel Groulx, and Marius Barbeau. Five others, intended for a second volume that had not been completed at the time of Massicotte’s death, were added to them. The title of any one of them suffices to evoke a familiar picture, for example La bénédiction du jour de l’An and Le retour de la messe de minuit. ”

I will be posting for sale in the Gallery several  original prints from the first series; framed and under glass (Here is a link to them in the Gallery):



A print from the early series. Le Saint Viatique A La Campagne from 1916:

Edmond Massicotte. "Le Saint Viatique.." 1916.

Edmond Massicotte. “Le Saint Viatique..” 1916.


Edmond Massicotte. "Le Saint Viatique.

Edmond Massicotte. “Le Saint Viatique.



Edmond Massicotte. "Le Saint Viatique.

Edmond Massicotte. “Le Saint Viatique. Detail.


Massicotte’s Mark:

Edmond Massicotte. His Mark.

Edmond Massicotte. His Mark.


Some History of Folk Art and Artists in Quebec and Canada

   Have a look at the Artists Page. It is a list of all the known Folk and Outsider Artists in Canada. I am adding to it almost daily. Some of their work will be available for sale in the Gallery. I will be adding there as well. Use the search engine on the right of the site. All entries under that name will appear.

Here is an example of an Artist post: Les Mlles Blondeau, a little known and important family from Quebec City, active in the 1920’s and ’30’s:

Les Mademoiselles Blondeau. Sculptors. Quebec City area. Active 1920’s-1930’s. They signed with a stamp (Mlles H. Blondeau, Quebec) or wood punch; sometimes the mark was burnt into the wood and sometimes just stamped. And their work was often very good and very colorful. They usually made ‘bas relief’ or relief carvings though I have found one shadow box (unpainted) of a maple sugar scene.

An example; a ‘bas relief’ of two Quebec houses in winter (C. 1930). Stamped in lower left corner under the color:

Les Mademoiselles Blondeau Pair of relief carvings.

Les Mademoiselles Blondeau Pair of relief carvings.


Some copies of Les Patenteux Du Quebec and Un Art Pas Si Bete and a Marius Barbeau Book on Totem Poles:

Les Patenteux du Quebec. Grosbois, Lamothe & Nantel, Parti Pris, Montreal, Quebec. 1978.                                                            $50.00

Les Patenteux du Quebec Book

Les Patenteux du Quebec Book

Un Art Pas Si Bete. Cecile Gelinas, Musee de la Gaspesie, Quebec. 1993.                                                                                                   $30.00

Un Art Pas Si Bete

Un Art Pas Si Bete. French only. Folk Artists in the Gaspe in the 1980’s. Illustrated.

Totem Poles. According to Location. Marius Barbeau, National Museum of Canada Pub. 1950. (1960 ed.) Vol. 2 of 2. Profusely illustrated. 445 pages.                                                                     $50.00

Totem Poles. Marius Barbeau.

Totem Poles. Marius Barbeau.